Wild Canine Species

wolves eating berries

The majority of wild canids are omnivores. The couple which are considered carnivores also eat vegetation. To base a domestic dog's diet on an all meat diet based on the diet of wild carnivores is erroneous.

wolf eating watermelon
























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Canids are found on all continents except Antarctica and vary in size from the 2-m-long (6 ft 7 in) gray wolf to the 24-cm-long (9.4 in) fennec fox. The body forms of canids are similar, typically having long muzzles, upright ears, teeth adapted for cracking bones and slicing flesh, long legs, and bushy tails. They are mostly social animals, living together in family units or small groups and behaving cooperatively. Typically, only the dominant pair in a group breeds, and a litter of young is reared annually in an underground den. Canids communicate by scent signals and by vocalizations.

Crab-eating Fox Cerdocyon thous The Crab-eating Fox is native to South America. It is nocturnal and can produce up to two litters per year. The Crab-eating Fox is not endangered.  
Darwin's Fox Pseudalopex fulvipes Darwin's Fox is a small fox, native to Chile. Named for Charles Darwin who first described it, the species is critically endangered with less than l00 individuals in the mainland population and 500 on the island.  
Bat Earred Fox Otocyon Megalotis The Bat-Eared Fox has a silver-gray fluffy coat, a black-tipped bushy tail with a black stripe on top. They have enormous ears, which releases body heat and helps keep them cool. They are insectivorous. The main food source is harvester termites. They forage in family groups.  
Gray Fox

The Gray fox is similar to the red fox, but with a number of unique characteristics. The Gray fox’s fur is a grizzled gray color, with cinnamon-colored regions on its neck, sides and legs. The Gray fox’s prints closely resemble those of a domestic cat.

Arctic Fox Vulpes lagopus The Arctic Fox is a small compact canine which is located along the Arctic Biodome. Its coat is snow white in winter and grayish brown to dark brown in the summer.  
Island Fox Urocyon littoralis

The island fox, a relative of the mainland gray fox exists on only the six largest of the eight California Channel Islands. This species is listed as threatened due to its restricted distribution and small population sizes.

No photo available Urocyon (Cozumel fox) This is an undescribed subspecies of the Gray Fox. This fox is native to the island of Cozumel, Mexico. It is or is close to extinction.  
Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis

Vulpes bengalensis is native to the Indian subcontinent, including India, Nepal and Pakistan. These foxes are found in the Himalayan foothills to the tip of the Indian peninsula. Its population varies but is not considered endangered.


KIT FOX Vulpes macrotis The kit Fox's range is primarily in the southwestern United States and northern and central Mexico. The kit fox is nocturnal. The subspecies, San Jaoquin kit fox, is endangered.  
Swift Fox Vulpes velox The Swift Fox is the smallest canid in the North America. It is called the Swift Fox because of its speed. the Swift Fox has been removed from the endangered species act.  
Red Fox Vulpes vulpes The Red Fox is the largest of the true foxes and the most abundant wild member of the Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.  
FENNEC FOX Vulpes zerda The Fennec Fox is a small nocturnal fox found in the Sahara desert in Africa. Its most distinctive feature is its unusually large ears, which also serve to dissipate heat. It is the smallest canid.  
side striped jackal Canis adjustus The Side Striped Jackal is native to Central and Southern Africa. It inhabits scrub areas. It weighs up to 31 pounds and has distinct white stripes on its flanks. The tip of its tail is white.  
Golden Jackal Head Canis Aureus The Golden Jackal is called the common jackal. It is found in Africa, Europe, Asia Minor, the Middle East and southwest Asia. It is a highly adaptable, social animal.  
  canis aureus algirensis Known as the Algerian Jackal this subspecies of the Golden Jackal is found in Northwest Africa. It weighs from 7 to 17 pounds and is darker in color than a golden. Canis aureus algirensis
  canis aureus anthus The Senegalese Jackal is is tailer than the golden jackal but more slightly built. It has larger ears and less bushy tail. It's coat is grayer and it does not have a dark ring around it's neck They live typically on the coast. Canis aureus anthus
  Canis a. bea The Serengeti Jackal is found in Kenya and Northern Tanzania.

Canis aureus


  canis aureus cruesemanni The Siamese Jackal is found in Thailand and is similar to the Indian Jackal. It is also smaller and not as vibrant in color. Canis aureus cruesemanni
  Indian Jackal The Jackals of India are grayer in color than the golden jackal. This jackal has adapted to living in differing ecosystems. Their diet varies from deer to musk melon and berries. Canis aureus indicis
  canis aureus moreoticus

The European Jackal is one of the largest jackal species, ranging in weight from 20 to 29 pounds. Like the Coyote which expanded after the wolf disappeared, its range has grown to encompass parts of its former Eastern European range, as well as in Western Europe.

Canis aureus moreoticus
  Sir Lanka Jackal The Sir Lanka Jackal weighs between 12 to 19 pounds. It is darker than the Indian Jackal ofter with white specks. Sri Lanka Jackals kill animals up to three times it's own weight. Canis aureus naria
  Canis aureus riparius The Abyssinian Jackal is the smallest jackal. It is more cream colored than other jackals, have longer ears and are slightly built. Canis aureus riparius
  Nubian Jackal The Nubian or variegated jackal is found at heights up to 5000 feet. It is more lightly built than the African wolf with longer limbs and larger ears. Canis aureus soudanicus
  Canis aureus syriacus The Syrian jackal is distinguished by its brown ears, and each hair of the back consists of four distinct colors; white at the root, then black, red, and the point is black. It is native to the Mediterranean region and weights up to 27 pounds. Canis aureus syriacus
Egyptian Jackal Canis aureus lupaster The Egyptian Jackal was thought to be a subspecies of the Golden Jackal but recent DNA testing has proven in fact that it is a type of Gray Wolf.  
black backed jackal Canis mesomelas The Black Backed Jackal mates for life. It is native to Africa and feeds on a variety of animal and plant materials. They inhabit grasslands and wooded savannas.  
Wild Dogs      
Short-Eared Zorro Atelocynus microtis Little is known of the Short-Eared Zorro which is found in the northern part of South America. It is Endangered  
Dhole head shot Cuon alpinus The Dhole is a reddish canine native to Asia. It is unique in having only 40 teeth rather tan the normal 42 of other canine species. It is endangered.  
Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides The Raccoon Dog is native to Asia and is unique among canines. Not only does it climb trees but is dexterous with its paws. It is not endangered.  
Bush Dog Speothos venaticus The South American Bush Dog is a small, short legged canid with 38 teeth. It is unique in that it has continuous seasons. It is endangered.  
wolf Canis Lupus Gray Wolves range in color from grizzled gray or black to all-white. Though extinct in the lower 48 states, today wolves have returned to the Great Lakes, northern Rockies and Southwestern United States.  
  Tundra Wolf Canis Lupus Albus The Tundra Wolf is one of the largest subspecies of the gray wolf. The tundra wolf is found primarily in the far north of both Canada and Russia and on into the Arctic.
  Kenai Peninsula Wolf Canis lupus alces

Kenai Peninsula Wolf


  Arctic Wolf Canis Lupus Arctos Arctic Wolves live in one of the most inhospitable areas on earth. They are white in coloration with counter current heat exhange in their feet. They are not endangered.
  Canis Lupus Arabs The Arabian Wolf lives in hot, arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula. It is unique in having fused middle toes.
  Mexican Wolf Canis Lupus Baileyi The Mexican Wolf is endangered. After being reintroduced into AZ their numbers have increased to 109.
  Newfoundland Wolf Canis lupus beothucus

Newfoundland Wolf EXTINCT

  BERNARD'S WOLF Canis Lupus bernardi

Bernard's Wolf


  British Columbian Wolf Canis lupus columbianus The British Columbian Wolf is now extinct in its former territories but is found in parts of Alaska, Canada, and the lower 48 states.
  Vancouver Island Wolf Canis lupus crassodon Vancouver Island Wolves are endangered. There is about 150 individuals left on Vancouver Island.
  No Photo Available Canis lupus griseoalbus Either did not exist or is EXTINCT
  Hudson Bay Wolf Canis lupus hudsonicus The Hudson Bay Wolf is an endangered species found in Canada, west of Hudson Bay from Northern Manitoba and the Northwest Territries
  Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf Canis lupus irremotus The Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf is a subspecies of the Gray Wolf. After being hunted to almost extinction the wolves were reentroduced to the Rocky Mountains.
  Labrador Wolf Canis lupus labradorius The Labrador Wolf is native to Labrador, Canada. It is a subspecies of the Gray Wolf and endangered.
  Alexander Archipelago Wolf Canis lupus ligoni The Alexander Archipelago Wolf is native to Alaska. It is endangered but not on the endangered species list due to special interests groups.
  Eurasian Wolf Canis lupus lupus The Eurasian Wolf is found in Europe and Asia, from Western Europe, Scandinavia, Russia, China, Mongolia and the Himalayan Mountains. It is not endangered.
  Canis lupus manningi The Baffin Island Wolf is an endangered species found on Baffin Island, Canada.
  MacKenzie Valley Wolf Canis lupus mackenzii The MacKenzie Valley wolf if found in Mackenzie River Valley into central Alberta. It is not endangered
  No photo available Canis lupus mogollonensis The Mogollon Mountain Wolf was native to Arizona and New Mexico. It is believed to have gone extinct in 1935.
  Great Plains Wolf Canis lupus nubilus The Great Plains Wolf is found in western Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada. It is no longer considered endangered.
  No photo available Canis lupus orion The Greenland wolf may or may not be a subspecies of the Gray Wolf. It may in fact be a variation of the Arctic Wolf. Endangered
  Yukon wolf Canis lupus pambasileus The Yukon Wolf, a subspecies of the Gray Wolf, is found in the Alaskan Interior and the Yukon. There is a viable population
  No photo available Canis lupus youngi The Southern Rocky Mountain Wolf was a subspecies of the Gray Wolf which is now extinct. It was found in Idaho, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico
Eastern Wolf Canis lycaon Eastern Wolves were until recently considered a subspecies of the Gray Wolf. Now they are considered a separate species.  
Red Wolf Canis Rufus Historically, Red Wolves ranged throughout the southeastern U.S. Today, they are confined to North Carolina. These wild canines are in danger of extinction.