Extinct Canine Species

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This portion of All Things Canid explores extinct canines including the ancestors of the dog we know today as Canis familiaris.

Extinct Domestic Canines      
Red Fox The Turnspit Dog

The Turnspit Dog was a short-legged, long-bodied dog bred to run on a wheel, called a turnspit, to turn meat. Turnspits were described as long-bodied, crooked-legged ugly dogs. This dog although evidently a mongrel appeared most closely related to terriers.


Salish wool dog Salish Wool Dog Originally from the Washington State/British Columbia area, the Salish Wool Dog is now extinct as a distinct breed. These pups were small with long white hair that the native people sheared (like a sheep) to weave into treasured Salish blankets. The dogs were kept in groups ranging from 12 to about 20 and kept safe on islands or in gated off caves.  
English White Terrier

English White Terrier


The English White Terrier was developed from the working terriers of 1800s. It was a small dog with prick ears and an all white coat. It was a short lived breed but was used in the development of the English Bull Terrier and the Boston Terrier.  
Extinct Wild Canines      
Kenai Peninsula Wolf Canis lupus alces The Kenai Peninsula Wolf is an extinct subspecies of the Gray Wolf.


Newfoundland Wolf Canis lupus beothucus

The Newfoundland Wolf is an extinct subspecies of the Gray Wolf.

BERNARD'S WOLF Canis Lupus bernardi Bernard's Wolf became extinct due to over hunting. They were native to Banks Island in the Northwest Territories of Canada and the archipelago Victoria.  
No Photo Available Canis lupus griseoalbus The Manitoba Wolf may or may not have existed. If it did exist it is now extinct.  
Dire Wolf Dire Wolf The Dire Wolf became extinct at the end of the Pleistocene epoch. It was the largest canine to exist. Its favorite prey was the horse. It hunted in packs much like the Gray Wolf.  
Honshu Wolf Honshu Wolf The Honshu Wolf was native to Japan. It was the smallest subspecies of the Gray Wolf. It was once revered but rabies and hunting led to its extinction. The last specimen is believed to have been killed in 1905.